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The Contents of Baguazhang Training (Baguazhang - Part 2)

by Liang, Shou-Yu, Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming, Wen-Ching Wu, September 29, 2008
Dr. Yang and Master Liang practicing Baguazhang

Dr. Yang and Master Liang practicing Baguazhang

We can see from the available documents that Baguazhang covers a very wide field of training. It includes not only barehand techniques, but also many weapons. Even for the Baguazhang developed only in Emei Mountain, there are more than fifteen different barehand routines and many different weapon training routines.

Excluding the barehand routines, and in addition to the four basic weapons: saber, sword, staff, and spear, Baguazhang also uses other weapons such as Spring Autumn Long-Handle Saber, Hook-Sword, Deer Hook Sword, and crutch. Among them, “Deer Hook Sword” (Lu Jiao Dao, is a special and unique weapon to Baguazhang. “Deer Hook Sword” is thus named because they are shaped like deer’s antlers. They are also called the “Zi Wu Yuan Yang Yue” (Zi Wu Mandarin Duck Axe). Zi and Wu are two of the twelve Celestial Stems which represent midnight and noon. Zi also represents the extreme Yin of the day while Wu represents the extreme Yang. The two weapons are used together-like a pair of Mandarin ducks, they are inseparable. Another name for these weapons is “Ri Yue Qian Kun Jian” (Sun Moon Qian Kun Sword). The sun and Qian represent Yang, while the moon and Kun represent Yin.

In this article we will list the various versions of sequences or practice routines for both bare hands and weapons which the authors could find in the available documents. It is impossible to include all in this short article, so for information purposes, we will list some of the available Baguazhang barehand sequences or routines which have developed only at Emei Mountain. From this list, you will see how wide and great Baguazhang has become in China.

Generally Known Baguazhang Sequences

Barehand

  1. “Bagua Ba Xing Zhang” (Bagua Eight Shape Palms)
  2. “Ba Xing Zhang” (Eight Shape Palms)
  3. “Long Xing Baguazhang” (Dragon Shape Baguazhang)
  4. “Jiu Gong Sanpanzhang” (Nine Palace Three Coiling Palms)
  5. “Wu Xing San He Zhang” (Five Element Three Combined Palm)
  6. “You Shen Bagua Lian Huan Zhang” (Sinuous Body Bagua Linking Sequence)
  7. “Yin Shi Baguazhang-Liu Shi Si Shi” (Yin Style Baguazhang-Sixty Four Postures)
  8. “San Shi Liu Tui Fa” (Thirty-Six Leg Techniques)
  9. “Qi Shi Er Tui Fa” (Seventy-Two Leg Techniques)
  10. “Cheng Shi Baguazhang” (Cheng Style Baguazhang)
  11. “Fu Shi Baguazhang” Fu Zhen-Song (Fu Style Baguazhang)
  12. “Wudang Baguazhang”
  13. “Jiang’s Baguazhang”

Matching

1. “Baguazhang Dui Lian” (Baguazhang Matching Training)

Weapons:

1. Deer Hook Sword:

  • “Zi Wu Yuan Yang Yue, Ri Yue Qian Kun Jian, or Lu Jiao Dao” (Deer Hook Sword)

2. Saber:

  • “Bagua Dao” (Bagua Saber)

3. Sword:

  • “Lian Huan Jian” (Linking Sword)
  • “Lian Huan Chun Yang Jian” (Linking Pure Yang Sword)
  • “Bagua Jian” (Bagua Sword) (No publications available.)

4. Staff:

  • “Lian Huan Pan Long Gun” (Linking Coiling Dragon Staff)
  • “Wu Xing Bang” (Five Element Staff)

5. Spear:

  • “Zhan Shen Qiang” (Battle Body Spear)
  • “Bagua Qiang” (Bagua Spear)

6. Other Weapons:

  • “Chun Qiu Dao” (Spring Autumn Long-Handle Saber)
  • “Bagua Gou” (Bagua Hook-Sword)
  • “Bagua Guai” (Bagua Crutch)

Next, we would like to introduce some of the barehand Baguazhang sequences which are practiced in Emei Baguazhang styles.

Emei Barehand Baguazhang

  1. “Sheng Men Baguazhang” (Generation Door Baguazhang)-Follows the theory of “Yi Jing” which holds that “constant generation is called Yi.”
  2. “Sheng Men Bagua Da Yin” (Generation Door Baguazhang-Matching Set).
  3. “Seng Men Baguazhang” (Monk Family Baguazhang)-Monk Family is a martial style from Emei Mountain. From Qing dynasties, Shaolin martial techniques have constantly been imported to Emei Mountain. Many Shaolin monks resided in Emei Mountain, and their combined techniques eventually merged to create this “Monk Family” style.
  4. “Emei You Shen Bagua Lian Huan Zhang” (Emei Swimming Body Bagua Linking Palms).
  5. “Emei You Shen Baguazhang” (Emei Swimming Body Baguazhang)-This sequence specializes in neutralizing, withdrawing, and dodging.
  6. “Emei Bagua Lian Huan Zhang (1)” (Emei Bagua Linking Palm)- Characteristics include circular “muddy walking,” Qi sunk to the Lower Dan Tian, Calmness and Moving mutually adopted, ability to attack and defend, unification of mind and body, Yin-Yang and substantial-insubstantial, opening and closing, stepping lightly and agilely, and walking like a river stream.
  7. “Emei Long Xing Baguazhang” (Emei Dragon Shape Baguazhang)-Sudden walking, turning, and changing positions.
  8. “Emei Xian Tian Baguazhang” (Emei Pre-Heaven Baguazhang).
  9. “Tai Yi Huo Long Baguazhang” (Tai Yi Fire Dragon Baguazhang).
  10. “Emei Baguazhang” (Emei Baguazhang).
  11. “Emei Xingyi Baguazhang” (Emei Xingyi Baguazhang).
  12. "Emei Bagua Mei Hua Zhang” (Emei Bagua Plum Flower Palms).
  13. “Emei Bagua Lian Huan Zhang (2)”(Emei Bagua Linking Palms).
  14. “Long Xing Baguazhang” (Dragon Shape Baguazhang).
  15. “You Shen Long Xing Baguazhang” (Swimming Body Dragon Walking Baguazhang).
  16. “Emei Qingcheng Baguazhang” (Emei Qingcheng Baguazhang).
  17. “Emei Yin Yang Baguazhang” (Emei Yin Yang Baguazhang).

The above is only a partial list of the barehand Emei Baguazhang and it does not even include the sequences and training methods of all of the various weapons. Furthermore, there are many other sequences, techniques, and training methods which have not yet been discovered. Chinese “Yin-Yang Bagua” philosophy is very deep and profound. Baguazhang, as an internal martial art, originated from this philosophy and is equally deep and profound. Therefore, it is literally impossible for an individual to learn all forms or styles of Baguazhang in one lifetime, nor is it possible to introduce all of Baguazhang in a single book. What we do hope to contribute (to the best of our ability) is an introduction to this philosophy, theory and practice.

This article is based on the Baguazhang book, revised edition, by Grandmaster Liang, Shou-Yu, Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming, and Wen, Ching-Wu. A 180-minute Baguazhang DVD demonstrating the techniques is also available.

Liang, Shou-Yu was born on June 28, 1943 in the city of Chongqian, Sichuan Province, China. When he was six he began his training in Qigong, the art of breathing and internal energy control, under the tutelage of his renowned grandfather, the late Liang, Zhi-Xiang. Mr. Liang was taught the esoteric skills of the Emei Mountain sect, including Da Peng Qigong. When he was eight, his grandfather made special arrangements for him to begin training Emei Wushu (martial arts).

Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming, is a renowned author and teacher of Chinese martial arts and Qigong. Born in Taiwan, he has trained and taught Taijiquan, Qigong and Chinese martial arts for over forty-five years. He is the author of over thirty books, and was elected by Inside Kung Fu magazine as one of the 10 people who has "made the greatest impact on martial arts in the past 100 years." Dr. Yang lives in Northern California.

Wen-Ching Wu was born in Taiwan, China in 1964. He loved Wushu and many othe sports since a young age. During high school he was on the school's basketball an softball teams. He graduated from high school as a salutatorian. He came to the U.S. in 1983 to study Mechanical Engineering and in 1988, he graduated with honors from Northeastern University, with a BSME degree.



COMMENTS

I am searcher about kung fu & qigong and TCM . I thanks from your articles .
Masoud Ramesh – May 26, 2009, 10:53 am
i love Baguazhang and if anyone has info on the "straight line" forms i would appreciate the help!
oz_ms13X – June 29, 2009, 6:19 pm
for the straight forms, look for Liu Baguazhang. Or simply do the circle form in a straight line
taiji1983 – July 3, 2011, 11:07 pm



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