Often, people ask me the same question: Is jogging, weight lifting, dancing, or even walking a kind of qigong practice? To answer this question, let us trace back qigong history to before the Chinese Qin and Han dynastic periods (秦、漢,255 bce–220 ce). Then you can see that the origin of many qigong practices is actually in dancing.

Also, through dancing and matching movements with music, the mind was regulated into a harmonious state. From this harmonious mind, the spirit was raised to a more energized state or calmed down to a peaceful level. This qigong dancing was later passed to Japan during the Chinese Han dynasty (206 bce–220 ce) (漢朝) and became a very elegant, slow, and high class of dancing in the Japanese royal court. This taijiquan-like dancing is still practiced in Japan today.

African and Native American Dancing

The ways of African or Native American dancing in which the body is bounced up and down also assists in loosening up the joints and improving qi circulation. Naturally, jogging, weight lifting, and even walking are kinds of qigong practices. Therefore, we can say that any activity that is able to regulate the qi circulation in the body is a qigong practice. This can also include the food we eat, the air we breathe, and even emotions and thoughts.

Let us define it more clearly. If laid out in a linear graph with the left vertical line representing the amount of usage of the physical body (yang) and the right vertical line representing the usage of the mind (yin), we can see that the more you practice toward the left, the more physical effort and the less mind are needed. This can be applied to aerobic dancing, walking, or jogging in which the mind usage is relatively small compared to physical action. 

In this kind of qigong practice, normally you do not need special training, and it is classified as layman qigong. In the middle area, the mind and the physical activity are almost equally important. This kind of qigong will be the slow-moving qigong commonly practiced, in which the mind is used to lead the qi in coordination with the movements. Theoretically speaking, when the body is in its state of slow and relaxed movements, the qi led by the mind can reach the deeper places of the body such as ligaments, marrow, and internal organs. Consequently, the self-internal feeling can also be deep, and the qi can be led there significantly. For example, taiji qigong, white crane qigong, snake qigong, dragon qigong, and many others are very typical body-mind qigong exercises. These are specifically practiced in Chinese medical and martial arts societies.

However, when you reach a profound level of qigong practice, the mind becomes more critical. When you reach this high level, you are dealing with your mind while you are sitting or standing still and are extremely relaxed. Most of this level of mental qigong training was practiced by scholars and religious qigong practitioners. In this practice, you may have a little physical movement in the lower abdomen area.

Cultivate Peaceful and Neutral Mind

However, the main focus of this qigong practice is to cultivate the peaceful and neutral mind and further pursue the final goal of spiritual enlightenment. This kind of qigong practice includes embryonic breathing meditation (taixi jing zuo, 胎息靜坐), sitting chan (ren) (坐禪,忍), small circulation meditation (xiao zhou tian, 小周天), grand circulation meditation (da zhou tian, 大周天), or brain washing enlightenment meditation (xi sui gong, 洗髓功).

From this you can see that different qigong practices have different goals. Theoretically speaking, in order to have a good healthy, long, and happy life, both your physical body and your mind must be healthy. The best qigong for health is actually located in the middle where you learn how to regulate your physical body and also your mind. Naturally, you may practice the yin side through still meditation and the yang side from physical action separately. From this yin and yang balancing practice, your qi can be built up to a more abundant level, and the qi can also be circulated smoothly in the body.

From this, we can conclude the following:

  1. Any activity that is able to improve the qi circulation in our body can be called qigong.
  2. The qigong forms that emphasize the physical body more will improve physical strength and qi circulation of the areas being exercised. Normally, the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bones are conditioned.
  3. Through the qigong forms using both body and mind, one can achieve a deeper level of physical strength and qi circulation. Normally, with the coordination of the relaxed physical body and concentrated mind, the qi circulation is able to reach the internal organs, deep places of the joints, and even the marrow.
  4. Through the qigong forms using mostly the mind, one may reach a profound meditative state. However, due to the lack of physical movements, physical strength will tend to degenerate, unless the physical body is also exercised.

The above is an excerpt from Meridian Qigong Exercises: Combining Qigong Yoga and Acupressure by Dr. Yang, Jwing-Ming, Publication Date 2016, YMAA Publication Center, ISBN: 978-1-59439-413-3.